Mediterranean Sea problem with plastic debris
A recent study found that large quantities of plastic debris are floating on the surface of the Mediterranean Sea. Those quantities are huge, thousand tones! That debris are parts of boats, bags, bottles and wrappings. According to Spanish researches, this pollution is hazardous! It is even worse if we know that the Mediterranean Sea has economic and richness importance!
This pollution causes many problems. A plastic fragments could be found in the stomachs of birds, whales, turtles and other animals! Some fragments have been found in mussels and oysters that grow on the coasts. Plastic materials have been used only 50 years! During that time, marine plastic pollution became a serious problem that affects on the whole world. This should be a reason to start urgent strategies that will stop or make this problem less severe. The similar pollution problem is noticed in the South China Sea, Barents Sea, Bay of Bengal and even in the Arctic Ocean.
This problem is even worse, due to microplastic. Those are very tiny (less than 5mm) fragments of plastic. More than 80%of the plastic in the Mediterranean Sea can be categorized as microplastic. These fragments are dangerous, because a fish or other animal, can swallow it. A swallowed piece of plastic will start releasing chemicals into the gut of an animal. Scientists are trying to tell the world that plastic doesn’t degrade in the environment! Because of that, people should be more careful with recycling and proper disposal of plastic waste.
Despite Mediterranean Sea represents roughly 1% of the ocean area in the world, it contains between 4% and 18% of all marine species. Beside them it has ecological and economic importance.