Mosquitoes- biggest threat to UKs health
During the colonial period, the British invaded lands around the tropics as their colonies. But it was not easy for Britishers to settle in those hot tropical atmospheres as they were used to of colder climate in the temperate regions. Along with that British also suffered from a number of ‘tropical diseases’ like Malaria, Dengue, which are mostly spread by female mosquitoes.
Looks like these colonial ‘fevers’ are back to haunt Britishers again, as the climate change is making the atmosphere warmer, all the organisms are moving northwards for cooler climates. Mosquitoes are not exceptions to this too.
The report, published by the Emergency Response Department of Public Health England has pointed out that the spread of Malaria, Dengue will be more frequent in the United Kingdom. The officials also informed that many of the tropical diseases have made its way into various regions of the continental Europe.
France and Croatia are suffering from dengue fever virus spread by the Asian tiger mosquito, which is also responsible for Chikungunya in the Italy. The effects of climate change in the domain of the public health, as warned by experts are clearly visible.
The high rainfall in the UK due to global warming has already created damp atmosphere, comfortable for the breeding of mosquitoes. Many among 34 registered types of mosquitoes in the UK are already capable of spreading the malaria.
Dr Joylon Medlock and Professor Steve leach jointly published the research in The Lancet Infectious Diseases Journal.
The other factor responsible for the situation are rapid urbanization, globalization and changes in land-use patterns.